Frankincense, also called olibanum, is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia. For the people of the Dhofar region, the Frankincense represents the ancient past, but is also an important part of the present economy. The history is full of episodes that mention the Frankincense being traded from the Arabic Peninsula to North Africa and the Mediterranean. Frankincense was one of the consecrated incense mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and according to the Omani historian, Abdul Qadir bin Salim Al Ghassani, Alexander the Great had imported massive quantities of incense from Arab lands. Even today the extraction occurs in May and June, and the processing in July and August, in order to be ready for the market in September. In addition to its aromatic fragrance and use as incense to aromatise houses, frankincense is also used as a therapeutic ingredient.