Quick Facts Oman

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Oman history from over one hundred thousands years ago, a brief presentation

130 000 years ago, the Arabian Peninsula’s temperature was relatively more warm which caused more rainfall, turning it into a series of lush habitable land. During this period the southern Red Sea’s levels dropped and was only 2.5 miles or 4 km wide. This offered a brief window of time for humans to easily cross the sea and cross the Peninsula to opposing sites like Jebel Faya. These early migrants running away from the climate change in Africa, crossed the Red Sea into Yemen and Oman, and trekked across Arabia during favourable climate conditions. 2000 kilometres of inhospitable desert lie between the Red Sea and Jebel Faya in UAE. But around 130 000 years ago the world was at the end of an ice age. The Red Sea was shallow enough to be crossed on foot or on a small raft, and the Arabian peninsula was being transformed from a parched desert into a green land.

Category: History   |   Last Update: 28-11-2016   |  

Currency in Oman before the Rial

The world of currency in Oman before the introduction of the rial (OMR) in 1970, was populated by the Indian rupee and the Maria Theresa thaler (which was the name of the silver bullion coin, used in world trade since they were first minted in 1741). The Gulf rupee circulate in Oman (and other countries on the Persian gulf and Arabian Peninsula) before the introduction of the Omani rial.

Category: Economy   |   Last Update: 07-10-2016   |  

Rial the currency of Oman

Rial (OMR) is the currency in Oman. It is divided into 1000 baisa. The notes that are currently circulating are 50 rials, 20 rials, 10 rials, 5 rials, 1 rial, 1/2 rial, 100 baisa. The coins are 50 baisa, 25 baisa, 10 baisa, 5 baisa. 100 baisa, 1/4 rial and 1/2 rial are also available.

Category: Economy   |   Last Update: 07-10-2016   |  

Time to visit Oman info and temperature

The best time to visit the capital Muscat or any other region except the southern part of the country (Dhofar), is between November and March. As an indicator the average high temperature in the capital between April and September swings between 40.4 °C (104.7°F) and 36.3°C (97.3°F). For the Dhofar province with its capital Salalah, traveling in the months between July and October (Monsoon season) could give travelers the possibility of seeing large areas covered with fabulous greenery.

Category: Geography   |   Last Update: 07-10-2016   |  

Frankincense a product that characterized history and trade of Oman

Frankincense, also called olibanum, is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia. For the people of the Dhofar region, the Frankincense represents the ancient past, but is also an important part of the present economy. The history is full of episodes that mention the Frankincense being traded from the Arabic Peninsula to North Africa and the Mediterranean. Frankincense was one of the consecrated incense mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and according to the Omani historian, Abdul Qadir bin Salim Al Ghassani, Alexander the Great had imported massive quantities of incense from Arab lands. Even today the extraction occurs in May and June, and the processing in July and August, in order to be ready for the market in September. In addition to its aromatic fragrance and use as incense to aromatise houses, frankincense is also used as a therapeutic ingredient.

Category: Nature   |   Last Update: 06-10-2016   |  

The ancient irrigation system of Oman: the Aflaj

The Aflaj (plural of Falaj which means "split into parts") is an ancient irrigation system in Omans regions of Dakhiliya, Sharqiya and Batinah. It is a system which divides the water among all the inhabitants flowing by gravity from the source to the house or to the cropfield. Watchtowers for protection are part of the system. Five Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman were added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 2006: Falaj Al-Khatmeen, Falaj Al-Malki, Falaj Daris, Falaj Al-Mayassar and Falaj Al-Jeela.

Category: Architecture   |   Last Update: 03-10-2016   |  

Jebel Akhdar the Green Mountains of Oman

Jebel Akhdar (also spelled Jabal Akhdar or Al Jabal Al Akhdar) means "Green Mountains" is a mountain range that is part of the Al Hajar Mountains. It is located approximately 150 km from the capital Muscat and its highest point, Jebel Shams (Mountain of the Sun), is around 3,000 metres high. The roughly annual 300mm of rain at higher altitudes, allows the growth of shrubs and trees and supports agriculture. Hence the name "Green Mountains". Pages of recent history have been written on this marvellous portion of Oman, between 1954 and 1959 the area became a site of the Jebel Akhdar War, a conflict between Omani forces loyal to the sultan of Oman (aided by British soldiers, including the Special Air Service) and Saudi Arabian-backed rebel forces of the inland Imamate of Oman.

Category: Geography   |   Last Update: 03-10-2016   |  
Image Credits: By Philipp Weigell - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20445265

Ibadism the dominant school of Islam in Oman

Ibadism is a school of Islam that flourished in 657 AD, as a reaction to the the rule of the third caliph in Islam, Uthman ibn Affan. Unlike the more extreme Kharijites, the Ibadis rejected the murder of Uthman as well as the Kharijite belief that all Muslims holding differing viewpoints were infidels. Its strict adherence to the sharia in public and private matters has been described as puritanical, the character of their denomination is considered to be one of both moderation and tolerance toward other views and religions. Oman is the only country in the Muslim world with an Ibadi-majority population.

Category: Culture   |   Last Update: 03-10-2016   |